All That Is Solid
Melts Into Air

The Production of Belief

- Production of Belief (film)
- Alternative Views
- The Dust Never Settles


Spiral Cinema


screenshots from "All That Is Solid
Melts Into Air (an inverted forced perspective)"


In 1918, British economist John Maynard Keynes and art historian Roger Fry traveled to a Paris art auction house in search of works of Impressionist art by the likes of Manet, Cezanne, Degas, and many others to purchase for the National Gallery in London. As the auction began, Germany opened up fire on the streets of Paris with their new "supergun", causing bidders to flee and allowing Keynes to purchase these works at an all time low. Keynes’s mission however, was not just to purchase the works for public appreciation, but rather as a new kind of credit system due to the large amounts of debt that the UK owed the US during WWI, whom then in turned lent to France. Thus, these pivotal works of Impressionism became a new means to help pay for the First World War.
This work examines the connection between debt, vision, the production of value, imperialism and art’s relationship to global flows of capital over time.



Navigating through vast historical subjects from 1861 - 2016, I take the puppet regime of Emperor Maximilian in Mexico under the invasion of the Second French Empire as a starting point to analyze Édouard Manet's "The Execution of Emperor Maximilian" and it's relationship to regime change. This lecture/performance continues to establish connections between Keynes and Fry's relationship to that same painting, Manet's relationship to Francisco Goya's "The Third of May, 1808", new military techonolgies and aerial weaponry of WWI, and the founding of the IMF and World Bank in 1945 by Keynes right before he died.

The lecture concludes by making a connection between regime change and the IMF whom have historically supported and funded such endeavors throughout the world, as well as the rise of Freeportism and the release of the Panama Papers revealing the dark corners of the global art trade.